Empty Ground by Canneti


Having worked and being in academe for several years taught me valuable lessons that books won’t do so much than that of experience. I observed that some people, for them to survive have used other people. They befriended people whom they can get what they want and be successful. Nonetheless, we should not prostitute friendship in order to find success in life. No self-vested policy in friendship should be the guiding principle in life. “Use things and love people; not use people and love things” because true success won’t slip into our lives if we are users and opportunists type of people. These lines support my interpretation on Canneti’s article:
The fear to be touched highlights a primary need that,
according to Canetti, characterizes men as animals:
the need of survival. Survival, therefore constitutes
the border between life and death and then it is also
the unity of distinction, the dividing line that allows
to understand the difference between crowd and power.
Canetti employs the concept of survival, however,
to indicate not only people who obey a power, but also
people who hold it. He indicates, therefore, the two
side of power and right. In fact the concept of survival
explains not only paranoiac and destructive power
that wants to survive to everybody, but also the intuitive
and universal need of those who’ll never experience the
power, but only the hope to survive, to thicken the
fence that separates life and death.

Similarly, I believe that our real struggle in life is to prove ourselves. We always compare ourselves to other people that’s why we are dissatisfied most of the time. We need to be content with life and foster uppermost gratitude even for the simplest things in life. We need to be thankful with what we have and be hopeful for the things we wish to have.
Hence, we should embrace self-motivating and life–enhancing activities. We have to go an extra mile if we want to acquire something in our life. We should detest complacency wherein we are already contented with what is good enough. Believe that there is no limit we can improve the quality of our life and we can achieve greater heights. However, we should not be over-driven by tangible materials and financial success. Remember that real happiness comes from within not from outside forces.
Additionally, the lines from his article personify every struggle of each
one of us.
Every struggle is related to death, biological and
spiritual. That’s why in the matter of death Canetti
argues: “I think it is useless and wicked as always,
it seems to me the primeval evil of all what live,
unsolved and incomprehensible, the knot in which all
is hold and tight from time immemorial and nobody
has dared to cut”.




The paradoxical use of lies as a means to gain access to the truth, which always also turns out to be another fabrication, manifests itself throughout the work. Absolute truth remains elusive. In each of the several stories, a lie or illusion is exposed, but that which is uncovered is not necessarily more genuine.
These are the thoughts that came flourishing in my mind when I read the analysis on Lies and More Lies… In essence, on a purely human level, people may love or hate me or may accept or reject a certain part of my personality but this is all what it entails coming to terms to be true to oneself. With this in mind, I decided to be willing to expose myself to criticisms and challenges just because of what I believe in. However, I question myself…. How do I know that I know what I know? Are they rival sets of facts or just my unredeemed illusions in life? Or what I know is something else entirely?

On the other hand, his frequent use of time stressing the past, present and future shapes his works verbal density enabling each word to attain fuller meaning. This is all what I can say about his theme on time. It is said that we live in a multi-dimensional reality wherein we are here living in the moment and other aspects of our beings are simultaneously existing in other dimensions at other time. This statement is so magnanimous and complex that many people will accept or reject this idea. But what is time, really? For me, time is passing of events. It happens freely, flows endlessly and slips away rapidly.
Time metamorphoses us but it cannot be measured, possessed and controlled and we cannot turn back time. Gunter uses time to explicate his point in writing his theme and message delivering a fine spirit of a true artist.

who is alfred nobel?


It was streamlined on May 12, 2012 on Youtube account which gleamed the motivation of Alfred Nobel to discover dynamite and reiterated the Nobel Peace Prize Award’s objectives. I am a big believer that we can create something great and noble out of something. As it is narrated, Alfred became an assistant to Sobero, a chemist whom he drew his fascination for natural science that led him to the discovery of a dynamite. Out of nitro-glycerin, we can see that there is no original idea and all are conceived by someone and improved by somebody else. So that is what Alfred did.
However, this was not easy. He had undergone several trial and error methods and worst, even taking his brother’s life. For others, they would give up in numerous attempts to discover the chemical elements that can be combined to create something but he is not a quitter. Nevertheless, this does not stop him to pursue what he had started paving the way to his breakthrough as a successful inventor as well as entrepreneur. Truly indeed, great men’s achievements should be emulated for creating something really costs time, effort and investment including the financial and emotional investment.
That dynamite manufactured in stick form can literally move mountains and as such, moved his life into another step. That step is his way to financial ladder and recognition as a great individual in the field of science. He had 355 patents across the globe that gave him money, fame and prestige. As time passed by, he was known for manufacturing dynamite which was used in military and war that brought him political difficulty. He secretly and actually detested war which in fact, quite ironic because he invented dynamite. Probably, that is the paradox of life. Some things are invented for a greater good but eventually can be a way to destroy. Just like technology, it was created to make humanity’s life faster and easier but can also be created to unleash negativities like immorality and illegal tasks. For some, Nobel is the King of Dynamite but for him, he is the Patron of Science, Culture and Peace. Moreover, his legacy continues across nations because of Nobel Peace Prize Award which motivated people to excel in numerous fields to help build a good life and a redeemed society.


the god of story-teller……

2There is an innovative and reflective spirit in the hands of Edgar Allan Poe when he brought to life his short stories. Psychological in nature, with touches of gothic and horror, his works display a certain amount of his personality and character. His tone and mood is deep, complex and thought-provoking shaded by his assured competence and impeccable taste. Hence, this study is initially conceived to understand E. A. Poe and his selected short stories. It attempts to unearth his experiences reflective of his literary principles and techniques.
Thompson 1998), commented, Poe and his works influenced literature in the United States and around the world, as well as in specialized fields, such as cosmology and cryptography. Poe and his work appear throughout popular culture in literature, music, films, and television. A number of his homes are dedicated museums today. The Mystery Writers of America present an annual award known as the Edgar Award for distinguished work in the mystery genre.
Traces of Poe’s influence can be seen in the writings of such diverse authors as Jules Verne and Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Arthur Conan Doyle and Ray Bradbury, Charles Baudelaire and Allen Ginsberg. (His writings have also been translated into every major language. One Japanese author and critic so greatly admired Poe that he changed his own name from Tarö Hirai to Edogawa Rampo.) This influence has not been limited to the written word. Such artists as Gustave Doré, Arthur Rackham, and Édouard Manet have illustrated his works. Sergei Rachmaninov, Leonard Slatkin, Philip Glass, and many others have composed musical tributes. In an interview published in 1960, Alfred Hitchcock, the great movie director, commented that it’s because I liked Edgar Allan Poe’s stories so much that I began to make suspense films.
For this reason, this study is brought up to introduce Edgar Allan Poe as the Father of Detective Stories with emphasis on his psychological terror and mystery found in his writings. His fictions are colored by all dark tints of luxurious imagination wherein he calculates intelligently the psychological effects to his readers. The development of his plot is well-handled and constitutes a deepening emotional overtones accentuated by powerfully-imaged setting. They are of striking interest and unforgettable plot. He manipulates stories excellently creating a maximum interest for the readers. The plot and character proceed at a breathless pace and still delivers a delicate sensibility which is illuminated by its texts. They are engagingly-read which trace certain lines of his manifold human experience and bring out his struggles and tears in life.
His stories show his unsurpassing skill in writing that brings out a different side of portraying a character in a story. In some inexplicable way, his themes are flooded with angst, pain, madness, loss, defeat and death. Central themes of his other works are about psychological terror and mystery which always keep within the range of his knowledge and experience. Moreso, it excoriates a complex and wide sensitivity and a time-honored device within the bounds of literary canon. Hence, a one great writer he will always be who can influence many writers to develop a unique and original style in writing.
Outstanding and marvelous, there is a literary masterpiece attached to his creations. Highly-emotional in tone with touches of detective story and horror is the distinct quality of his creations. His work is an eloquent testament of his greatness as a writer. That is because it constitutes lyric power which transcends beyond time and space. His sharp sense of mystery as well as psychological terror is revealed in his writings. In effect, he is a writer of high substance who contributed much to the literary genre of his country.
Principally, this study describes the compelling impact of Edgar Allan Poe and the conditions of times he lived that shaped him as a tremendously great story teller. His short stories may become the fundamental course of study for thinkers and scholars worldwide in terms of literature. They express the human mind and heart which is full of scars and tears. In this sense, they inherit the true spirit of fascinating plot wherein it can get inside a character’s skin and sets us forth on their own terms.
There is much learning in it which contains comprehensive course of life that provides us lesson on psychology and literature. It explores human values interspersing psychological, moral and social elements. For this reason, this is how the study is conceptualized to study the psychological terror and mystery found in his writings.





The title itself is very simple yet prolific and profound.

Dante is both the narrator and main character of the epic poem. The characters are somehow connected in the author’s life story. Dante is his real name, Virgil as his major influence in writing the masterpiece and Beatrice as his inspiration for it was the name of his daughter, Antonia. To add, some of the characters are fictitious and some are real. This tells how knowledgeable and encompassing he is in representing them which fall into several categories as saints and sinners.

Dante Pilgrim has not been a good boy. His dead love Beatrice asks the Virgin Mary to help him see the error of his ways. Mary accepts and Dante is sent on a three-day trip through Hell, and on up Mount Purgatory on the other side of the world, and finally to Heaven in the sky. He is spiritually lost at the beginning of the story, so he needs guides to help him along the path. His first guide, through Hell and Purgatory is Virgil (author of The Aeneid). They encounter many interesting sinners on the way. Dante learns to hate sin. His second guide is Beatrice, the woman he adored while she lived. His final guide is Saint Bernard (namesake of the loyal dog), who takes him to see God. Moreso, it is amazingly allegorical, highly symbolic and very complex. THE STORY WILL KEEP ONE UP TO THE LAST MINUTE AND LAST PAGE OF PAPER BECAUSE IT IS ENGROSSING, SUBSTANTIAL AND INFORMATIVE.

The theme of the epic poem is about one man’s journey through Hell, Purgatory and Heaven. Its theme talked about the spiritual dimension of life.

He used the first person point of view because he himself is also the narrator.

LITERARY DEVICE/STYLE The Divine Comedy is composed of over 14,000 lines that are divided into three canticas (Ital. pl. cantiche) — Inferno (Hell), Purgatorio (Purgatory), and Paradiso (Paradise) — each consisting of 33 cantos. An initial canto serves as an introduction to the poem and is generally considered to be part of the first cantica, bringing the total number of cantos to 100. The number 3 is prominent in the work, represented here by the length of each cantica. The verse scheme used, terza rima, is hendecasyllabic (lines of eleven syllables), with the lines composing tercets according to the rhyme scheme aba, bcb, cdc, ded. THE LITERARY DEVICE HE USED MIRRORS HOW ARTICULATE, ELOQUENT AND GENUIS HE IS IN WORLD OF LITERARY WORKS. This really tells that Dante is a genius that there is reason and scheme for every line and number he represented in his work.

The mood of the story is very serious because it talked about punishment in hell which is gruesome, fearsome, heart-pounding and horrible.

The tone is both persuasive and instructive because it teaches lessons derived from Bible beyond one’s imagination as well as suggestive because it encourages people to be good and to do good while living on earth.


He was born into one of the most chaotic periods of Western European history. There was conflict between Church and State which shaped Dante’s socio- political awareness, most of all, religious aspect in the story. Truly, it survives the test of time and will be immortalized for this kind of work is anything but close-to perfect if not perfect.

He utilized several archetypes in the journey comprehensively. He drew many characters from Greek and Roman mythology as well as from his own times. The sphere of air, fire, the angels, fixed stars, serpent, eagle vixen, dragon, harlot, leopard, lion, she-wolf, charon, minotaur, Cerberus, etc. tackled that it is highly symbolic. Moreover, the date, Good Friday versus Eastern Sunday and the 3-day trip symbolized the meaning of the journey.

He represented the characters very real, symbolic yet complex. This tells that we are all pilgrims in our own little way depending on our situation we are into. The characters taught us explicitly that humans should have the proper functioning of id, ego and super ego to avoid damnation in hell, immersion in purgatory and to reach the ultimate destination which is heaven.

Obviously, the epic poem taught us what is right from wrong. He expounded the reward for those who are good and punishment for those who are bad. There are many philosophical issues and ethics attached in the story.

The epic poem is a work of fiction, however, there’s a vast and huge truth in it. The characters’ fate based on their lived life on earth really accords with the real world.

The Divine Comedy is composed of over 14,000 lines that are divided into three canticas (Ital. pl. cantiche) — Inferno (Hell), Purgatorio (Purgatory), and Paradiso (Paradise) — each consisting of 33 cantos. An initial canto serves as an introduction to the poem and is generally considered to be part of the first cantica, bringing the total number of cantos to 100. The number 3 is prominent in the work, represented here by the length of each cantica. The verse scheme used, terza rima, is hendecasyllabic (lines of eleven syllables), with the lines composing tercets according to the rhyme scheme aba, bcb, cdc, ded. Likewise, there are several scientific themes in the journey such as the numerology and the various time zones on earth. Example: it is sunset in Purgatory, midnight at the Ebro, dawn in Jerusalem and noon at River Ganges. DANTE IS REALLY A GENUIS TO CREATE THAT KIND OF RYHME, METER AND SCHEME.

No epic poem had captured booklovers than Divine Comedy. It is a pride of Italian literature that brings people to different aspects of life, be it in science, religion, socio-political aspect. HIS WORK FOR ME IS A COMPLETE PACKAGE WHICH HAS A LITTLE BIT OF EVERYTHING. IT IS MY SECOND BEST FAVORITE MASTERPIECE ASIDE FROM ANNE FRANK.

The dominating approaches to be used in the epic poem are MYTH/SYMBOLIC/ARCHETYPAL APPROACH because there are symbols, motifs, archetypes, allegories, allusions and imagery he created. Nevertheless, the physical sensations and imagery are interesting to note when he described several places which connote sight, smell, touch, taste and sound to convey experiences in hell, purgatory and heaven.
Another approach is MORAL/ PHILOSOPHICAL APPROACH simply because it challenges people to reach spiritual maturity through sincere repentance and conversion in order for them to have a face-to-face encounter with God and live forever in heaven singing blissfully with the angels.

a renowned philosopher


The title itself suggests the meaning and message of Plato’s work.

In Plato’s Republic, he created the characters which are converted in real life of Plato such as Socrates who is the main character in his dialogue. Since Socrates had a major influence in his life, he designed the dialogue as if he is real. The Republic tells that Plato is Socrates’ disciple. He also used allusion that depicts characters’ role such as Justice, City, Gods, Wisdom, Courage, Temperance, Philosopher, Sophist, Truth, Aristocracy, Tyranny, Desires, Imitation and Guardians.

BOOK I- He discusses the definition of justice that means giving what is due to others, returning what one receives and telling the truth.
BOOK II- A child is spectator of story which shapes their perception in life. I believe that adults may have control on the type of stories a child hears in order for them to guide them.
BOOK III- An excess of lawsuits implies that there are injustices in society. If illegal activities are present, it reflects an unhealthy society.
BOOK IV- I believe that the goal of society whether in free market society or city is to make people happy.
BOOK V- Personally, war is a natural state because there will always be endless battle between good and bad. It is a natural way of life to a lesser or higher degree.
BOOK VI- A king will be a good king if he is a true philosopher. With that, he can rule the society with proper knowledge and power.
BOOK VII- In this section, it tells the allegory of the cave to a modern society. It indicates that our beliefs are shaped by our perception in the society.
BOOK VIII- With my critic of democracy, I believe that true democracy is the absence of poverty and tyranny and absence of illegal and immoral actions.
BOOK IX- According to Plato, philosophy is the highest good. I somehow agree with him because with it, streams the cardinal virtues which became guiding principles in life.
BOOK X- I am really convinced that human nature is essentially good because we are created in the image and likeness of God.

The focal point of The Republic is justice which mirrors that a just man is happier than the rich and powerful man. Also there are four cardinal virtues: wisdom, courage, temperance and justice which imply that they are good guiding principles in life which take people into right path. Man should focus on afterlife because the soul is immortal. To achieve immortality, one should seek knowledge and be good and just.

He used the third person point of view because he introduces characters who are being talked about in the story. Examples: he, she and they.

He used symbolism to expound the characters’ importance in the dialogue. There are also alluded characters in the story to depict their implication and significance. He also used allegory such as the story of cave as well as simile and metaphor to make an analogy of several characters to modern times.

The mood of the story is very serious, intellectual and philosophical in nature because it expounded about what society should have and should do in order to have a humane society. Therefore, it is very formal.

The tone is instructive because it teaches several philosophical and ethical ideas to people which serves as a guide to be fully actualized people. There should be more people like Plato because his views are provoking, engaging, liberating and transformative. The Republic may be used as part of study in Sociology, Politics and even in Literature classes.


He made Socrates the protagonist because he was his teacher and his formative youth was greatly influenced by the latter. Although his family is in the circle of politics, he turned away from it because of Socrates’ execution and truly embraced philosophy.

There is that universal application for the archetypes and symbols used in his work. Likewise, the allegory and allusions are really evident in his work.

We can see that Plato would like to depict Socrates’ philosophical ideas and conviction through the Republic. The psychological motivations of the characters he made explicate the norms of conduct and standard of morality, most of all, the socio-moral values.

His work explores the society and the people living in it as well as their hopes and dreams for the common good. It reminds us the human follies of society as well as the hedonistic nature of man. Thus, it awakens people to be good and avoid those follies and hedonism to have immortal soul.
His work really accords with the real world reflecting the modern times and what is happening within and around people and community. His work showed the realistic socio-economic, political and philosophical picture of society.

Here, Plato focused on allegory and allusion delivering to readers a whole new dimension of characters which speak for themselves their role in society. There is a massive philosophical implication and insight on his work fashioning it to be one of the masterpieces in world of literature, philosophy and humanity.

Personally, we may consider Plato as one of the greatest philosophers the world has ever known because of his Republic.

The dominating approach to be used in his work, I guess is MORAL/PHILOSOPHICAL APPROACH since it teaches morality and probes philosophical issues. It also explores what society should be and should possess for people to achieve afterlife.

How I admire Plato! He is worthy to be exalted because of his ‘The Republic’. We live now in a plural complex society. In this sociological and structural institution, there exist world views and ideology about the common good. There is a natural moral law to respect the right of each everyone and give what is due to another. In the aspects of society, there are disagreements that some human beings are created more equal than other human beings. Our society does not arrive at a consensus because there are inequalities and injustices. The rampant self-vested interest and abuse of power are the leading reasons why there are revolutions, rallies, strikes and confrontations and anomalies.
Youth of today…. they tremendously embrace imitation just like the character of Imitation. They are trendy, hippie, frivolous, outlandish, angry, insecure, and ill mannered! Teenage stuff like computer games, internet surfing, books, movies, music and party wildly galvanize them. They know the latest craze and glamorize the new trend. They are a combination of different things to people. There’s something they can’t resist. Sometimes, they go all the way. They have the unchecked emotional banks and have the world of our own. They seem not accountable for their actions.
They are media-mediated and become material for values. They absorb the pleasure-seeking value of their frenzied life. They are the prime and major target of the market. Their consumeristic attitude, fantasy activity and flirtatious game are rapidly escalating. They grow up distrusting some of the government officials and leaders. They don’t filter and select the civic minded-to-be-actions employed by Plato’s moral lessons in The Republic.
Jose Rizal wrote the two novels, Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo; Victor Hugo wrote Les Miserables; Mahatma Gandhi applied the civil disobedience; Martin Luther hated the racial discrimination between white and black and what these people have in common? They could not just sit down and cry to witness the injustices encroaching the back of people. They took immediate steps to correct injustices by inspiring people through their writings and by leading people to fight for justice and equality without the use and benefit of deadly arms and swords but of their philosophical ideology. thus, they can be called as heroes in their own right.
I always ask time and again what is the prize of integrity. Why a hero be where heroism’s first requirement is one should be dead? Is heroism wisdom of the fool where it always ends up with infuriatingly unjust death? Why practice integrity when our world universal anthem is “Play it Safe?” Why react and act when the best reaction is to have no reaction? Why stand for the truth when “See No Evil, Hear No Evil and Speak No Evil” is our government’s policy today? Are we committed to our ideals and do we uphold moral integrity? There should be more people who possess integrity. Our world needs people who have strength of character. Strength of character is a quality wherein the strength inside can create a better world outside.
Our world can’t take anymore weak- kneed people… where their principles and values are out of nowhere. We should develop a philosophy in life that we would not compromise. Our philosophy and values in life should not be the subject of compromise. An unshakable philosophy springs forth character ethic. It discerns what is right and what is wrong and questions lax morality. We should fight a good fight; we should not bargain our values for a convenient life. Pleasure means too much pain when moral values are overlooked. We should think that fortune, power and fame are not connected with the dignity of life. We should have integrity wherein what we think, say and do are integrated to one another. It also means that what we think corresponds to what we say and what we say becomes evident and consistent in our actions. It also means that we say what we mean and we mean what we say.
Now, that is integrity. I really have that incessant prayer that our election will really produce people who will serve our country and redeem the poor and corrupt Philippines. Through the glimpse of the past, we can see the undeniable reality that history repeats itself. We still look back and the spine-tingling in justices still corrupt the dignity and worth of man. Injustice is a transitory reflection of the blackness of humanity. The poor becomes poorer, the rich becomes richer, the oppressed becomes more oppressed and the powerful becomes more powerful.
Undoubtedly, we live in a chaotic world . . . saints vs. villains, heroes vs. oppressors. . . good vs. bad. Life has been shattered. It is a matter of yesterday’s fascism and racism and today’s imperialism and worldliness. Vengeful reincarnation of injustice and inequality are still there. They become double standard. They are more favorable to the rich and powerful than the poor and the marginalized people of society that’s why violence is rampant now.
I am saying that because I am tortured by the sight of injustices, imitation and wordly or carnal desire around the globe. They distanced us from God. They are self-destructive because if we succumb to those things, we are the losers. They should be discarded in order for equality and justice prevail in the whole world. Truly so, equality and justice are the values and virtues employed by Plato in his “The Republic.’



Do I believe in God and what kind of God am I searching for?

An Instant God that has an answering-machine in heaven?

I unceasingly call Him but His line is destined to be broken

His far-reaching place demands a luxury without an expensive cost

I strive to search for Him because I need an exact answer

I travel to the subways and highways and they make me lost

I find out that I am a folly who can be saved by a sweet surrender

It is my belief that angels and saints are available and can be hired

But to no avail because hiring them costs a priceless ticket

My deep-rooted thoughts shun to be a sage for they are already dog-tired

The problem with a priceless object is that they can only be carried unto death

Faith is the instant answer to believe in His untold reply of mystery

Trusting His incomprehensibility is knowing the bounds of my humanity

               I am all-trembling with fear because I am a less-than-perfect person. I have flaws and defects that add to the crosses of our Man Above has to bear. As I reflect my imperfections, I realized why I am so confused is that I am searching for a different kind of God. I ask myself, “What kind of God am I searching for?” The kind of God I am searching for is an Instant God! Yes, I am searching for an Instant God! I travel the streets of life and still, I cannot find what I am searching for. Maybe the reason why I cannot find Instant God is that there is no such thing as an instant. And so is God. God is not an Instant God! He is not answering-machine God that for every doubt that I clarify, for every word I say, for every question I ask, there is an instant reply. The things I ask don’t come right away and the changes I want to happen don’t happen overnight.

But I know that faith is an instant answer to what I am searching for. The problem I have with this instant answer is that faith is not an instant deliverance. It takes a million and giant trust to have faith. I believe that acknowledging my limitations as a human person and knowing its boundaries is faith in the making. That’s all I have to do in my life.