what makes a nobel peace prize winner?


There’s an innovative and reflective spirit in the hands of Gao Xingjian when he brought to life his plays. Paradoxical in nature, with touches of audacity and artistry, his plays display a certain amount of philosophy and ideology. There is much learning in it which contains comprehensive course of life that provides us lesson on truth and sincerity. It explores human values interspersing philosophical, moral and devotional elements.
These lines emanate his virtuosity in writing his plays…. I really love these lines which contains the irony of life and how he worded it vividly.
She can’t believe that she actually said it, she said something
that can’t be said, but she said it, clearly this can’t be said
but why did she have to say it? It ought not to be said it can’t be
said but she said it regardless, it’s her misfortune, it’s her
disaster, it’s her sin. Her sin, well, if she feels guilty then
she’s guilty. She’s afraid of this, afraid of that, afraid, afraid,
afraid, but she’s not afraid of her, not afraid of herself.
But what happens if she’s also afraid of herself?
Then wouldn’t she be not afraid?

His tone and writing style is mature, deep and thought-provoking shaded by his assured competence and impeccable taste. It really has a bold side. I believe that his works challenge his fellow writers to spread their wings in the literary field to represent Chinese culture and tradition. They are of striking interest and unforgettable plot. In summary, the plays reflect authenticity and irony which deserves a literary throne in Chinese Literature.

The paradoxical use of lies as a means to gain access to the truth, which always also turns out to be another fabrication, manifests itself throughout the work. Absolute truth remains elusive. In each of the several stories, a lie or illusion is exposed, but that which is uncovered is not necessarily more genuine.
These are the thoughts that came flourishing in my mind when I read the analysis on Lies and More Lies… In essence, on a purely human level, people may love or hate me or may accept or reject a certain part of my personality but this is all what it entails coming to terms to be true to oneself. With this in mind, I decided to be willing to expose myself to criticisms and challenges just because of what I believe in. However, I question myself…. How do I know that I know what I know? Are they rival sets of facts or just my unredeemed illusions in life? Or what I know is something else entirely?
On the other hand, his frequent use of time stressing the past, present and future shapes his works verbal density enabling each word to attain fuller meaning. This is all what I can say about his theme on time. It is said that we live in a multi-dimensional reality wherein we are here living in the moment and other aspects of our beings are simultaneously existing in other dimensions at other time. This statement is so magnanimous and complex that many people will accept or reject this idea. But what is time, really? For me, time is passing of events. It happens freely, flows endlessly and slips away rapidly.
Time metamorphoses us but it cannot be measured, possessed and controlled and we cannot turn back time. Gunter uses time to explicate his point in writing his theme and message delivering a fine spirit of a true artist.
I said earlier that everything about me is in my books. I will go further now. I will say I am the sum of my books. Each book intuitively sensed and, in the case of fiction, intuitively worked out. Stands on what has gone before, and grows out of it. I feel that at any stage of my literary career it could have been said that the last book contained all the others.
His fictions are colored by all dark tints of luxurious imagination wherein he calculates intelligently the psychological effects to his readers. The development of his plot is well-handled and constitutes a deepening emotional overtones accentuated by powerfully-imaged setting.
Central themes of his other works are about patriotism, transformation and other social issues which always keep within the range of his knowledge and experience. There is an externalized kind of characterization where there is melodrama and occasional surprising touch of worldliness in his characters. Some characters could represent a hope for Africa. However, they are always controlled by a big man. This shows that Eastern people can never break the cage of Western culture and we are always manipulated and subjugated by Westerns.
Postcolonialism is definitely on the rise and colonial repression is the unyielding moral and ethical context of his literature. Having lived and being educated at both oriental and occidental countries, his themes run as deep and passionate that sublimate the alienation of being in a different place. He is indeed a genuine cross between Eastern and Western writer.


A Nobel winner who happens to be a Communist…. is unleashing his creative juices in his work about blindness and lucidity. People are always metaphorically blind and they often fail to perceive the world. As it is said, he is a visionary writer who symbolizes the blindness of the world. I am reminded of The Little Prince…..when I read the analysis. This tells us that what is essential is invisible to the eye…. Yes indeed.

Perceptive and marvelous, there is a philosophic masterpiece attached to Saramago’s creations. Highly-emotional in tone with touches of socio-political and spiritual factor is the distinct quality of his ideas.

That work is an eloquent testament of his greatness as a writer. That is because it constitutes lyric power and prophetic tone which transcends beyond time and space. His sharp sense of truth as well as the paradox of life is revealed in his writings. Thus, he is a writer of high substance who contributed much to the growing literature of his country.


What is the point of revisiting the pain and agony of the past? Why is past so powerful that people’s memories are embedded all the time? Certainly, human brain cannot forget. But what is the ethical implications of revisiting the horror of the past which is Holocaust? Does it have impact young people who as surveyed that under the age of 35, most of them are ignorant about Holocaust? These are my questions when I read the article. I myself is very interested in Second World War especially Hitler’s rise to power.
Had it not been so, I would not write my Masteral thesis with the theme on Anne Frank as one example of Holocaust murder. The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank depicts an episode in world history, both the degradation and nobility of human spirit. It describes the compelling impact of Anne Frank and the conditions of times she lived which offers fascinating commentary on nobility of spirit and hope equally so. She expresses them out fully which reflects that the Nazis could not take away her spirit.
Holocaust may become the fundamental course of study for thinkers and scholars worldwide in terms of literature. It expresses the human mind and heart which is full of scars and tears. Holocaust writers and producers may enchant the readers by casting spell of their unbounded imagination over us. In this sense, they inherit the true spirit of fascinating plot wherein it can get inside a character’s skin and sets us forth on their own terms.


Coetzee’s works are exquisitely-written and virtually-impressive in a larger scale. Their universal theme emanates from their struggles as a nation setting us forth a distinctly Coetzee imprint. It is because the writer develops explicit connection with the readers through a unique narrative technique which is pin down to one single interpretation. The stories are arranged within another and the readers can participate in the events and empathize with the characters upon reading those materials. Truth be told, I am fed up with all those plots yet he is unique in attacking the plot.
He manipulates stories excellently creating a maximum interest for the readers. The plot and character proceed at a breathless pace and still delivers a delicate sensibility which is illuminated by its texts. Their works are engagingly-read which trace certain lines of manifold human experience and bring out spiritual side of man.
His stories show his unsurpassing skill in writing that brings out a different side of portraying a character in a story. In some inexplicable way, their themes seem curiously flooded with reality and cancer of society. Though diversified in form and just new in literary world, the prose and verse are wonderfully-single in inspiration. Hence, it excoriates an elegant, delicate, smooth sensitivity and a time-honored device within the bounds of literary canon. Hence, a one great writer he will always be who can influence many writers to develop a unique and original style in writing.

filipino writers? who loves them? will you?



There’s a forceful and commanding voice to dare women to be independent, dynamic, assertive and strong-willed in their career as well as advocacy which the book stands for. The book is indeed a feminist literary writing for these reasons: Lualhati Bautista aspires for equal rights and opportunities for women to be heard and listened to. It transcends women’s rights in an organized, influential and assertive manner. It introduces new feminism that supports the idea that men and women have different strengths, perspectives and roles, while advocating for the equal worth and dignity of both sexes.

Background of the Book
Ang Bata, Bata… Pa’no Ka Ginawa? (also known as Lea’s Story is a novel written in Tagalog by the Filipino female writer, Lualhati Bautista. Bautista uses “Taglish” – a mixture of Tagalog and English, instead of pure Tagalog – as a stylistic device for her works. The novel is about the role of a woman, like its author, with Filipino society wherein the males were, in the past, assuming more dominant roles in society. The translation of the title is literally, “Child, Child… How were you made?” although figuratively it actually surpasses its allusion – or reference – to the process of reproduction through the revelation of its true, symbolic question-message: “Child, Child… How were you molded to become a mature, grown-up person?”

There are handful of learning and wisdom that I gained from the book. Here they follow:
1. Each character has been constructed to be different, non-typical and unconventional woman of new generation. They are extra-ordinary (especially Lea, the main character in the story) because they go beyond the common characteristics of a woman—- at home, economically-dependent, inferior, submissive and faithful to their husbands.

2. In the case of Maya and Ojie who experience storm and stress of growing up, we need to understand what a person is going through. It means taking a genuine interest in the other person and see things from that person’s point of view without offering advice, judging or probing. Conversations aren’t competitions where one’s point of view wins.
Since two people are coming from two different points of view, they can be both right. Understanding another means stepping into that person’s history and background and working room for the other’s needs. This will involve giving and receiving on the part. It is well worth the effort it takes for it will deepen family relationship.

3. In the case of Lea, Ding and Johnny, I learned that the deepest need of the human heart is to be understood and the greatest gift I can give other is to respect and value them as they are—- (that each and everyone of us has something unique to say). The problem is that many of us don’t know how to listen. We are often so busy preparing a response, judging, advising, paying attention to what interests us and putting our own spin on things that we completely miss the point.
To listen well, listen not just to the word a person says, but also to the feelings reflected in one’s body language. We have two ears and one mouth so we need to speak less and listen more.

4. The point of view on life, love, relationship, sex and career as well as behavior and attitude of each female and male character is influenced predominantly by patriarchal oppression. However, the main character challenges the society to consider the psychology of women and tries to reconcile the role of men and women.

5. It is me or something in me, which tells me that all female writers are a feminist or there’s a bit of their stream-of-consciousness writing style that embraces feminism. As I read her book, Lualhati Bautista really advocates feminism and asserts women to have equal footing on men.

6. The book speaks for itself the pitfalls and strengths of a woman. It speaks the uncensored and unabashed thoughts of women into artistic and creative manner. It brings out the psychology of women to society and calls forth deep understanding of both sexes. To add, it addresses the storm and stress of the transformation of a teen-ager to a young man which is reflected by the role of Ojie.

All of us are interdependent and interconnected with one another and the world develops according to natural law. With this in mind, I believe that we need to believe in the rhythm of life and natural flow of life. The symbolical “Child, Child, how were you molded to be grown-up and mature individual?” reconfirms me to understand first what a person is coming from before I judge one’s motive and attitude.
As a teacher, I am encouraged to discover and know where my students are coming from as well as their mental abilities and psychological make-up. I should create activities and teaching strategies that both cater to female and male. Those activities should recombine, redefine, reconcile and reinforce the capacity, inclination and maturity of students to lead them into real world when they go out in the four corners of the classroom.
If the home is the basic foundation of a child, then I should also be a contributor or part in the creation of a grown-up and mature individual in the school.

Lualhati Bautista, “Bata, Bata, Pa’no Ka Ginawa?”, Carmelo Publishing House: Manila, Philippines, 1993.



who bastardized my english?



“Mother Tongue Maintenance and Second Language Sustenance:
A Two-Way Language Teaching Method”

Upon reading the “Mother Tongue Maintenance and Second Language Sustenance: A Two-Way Language Teaching Method”,– under ESP subject in my doctorate studies, I was interested to attend the Second Philippine Workshop on Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education: Venue : Iloilo City (the site of the Aguilar Vernacular Education Experiment in 1948)
Date: February 16-18, 2012 (coinciding with the International Mother Language Day).
However, I could not squeeze on another time to accommodate the workshop for there are numerous tasks I need to get done juggling my teaching job and my undertakings as a post-graduate student at UB.
English as a medium of instruction is a form of colonial mentality. We ought to use our local dialects and languages instead because — it is claimed — scientific studies have shown the benefits of mother tongue based instruction, especially in early schooling. We learn best in our mother tongue. To be sure, the state should be in the business of looking for the best way to effectively transmit knowledge in its education system. But studies across the board show that the mother tongue is the best conveyor of instruction. To some extent, the Gullas bill recognizes the above. It gives schools the option to use English, Filipino or the regional language as the teaching language from pre-school up to Grade 3. But from the intermediate grades up to high school, English will be the teaching language, except in Filipino as a course.

Based on the paper, Language Class should invest in teaching not only the grammar of a second language but it should be concerned with preserving and refining the grammar of the mother tongue as well. Focusing on the different aspects of the second language may result in the student’s losing interest in the mother tongue, having difficulty translating the meanings of the L2 words into the mother tongue, and ignorance of the fact that similar language rules and aspects to accelerate the acquisition of the second language.
Based on the growing body of evidence, it is believed that learners “with strong mother tongue, and those who continue to develop, are far more successful in learning and functioning in another target language” (ISPP, 2009). Many times L2 learners do not seem to adequately learn the grammar taught in class without comparing it to the grammar of their mother tongue which is, after all, their only point of reference.
As it is mentioned above, the topic of “first language interference/transference” has had an unusual history in second language acquisition research and practice. Krashen (1982) argues that acquired language leads to fluent communication and learning cannot lead to acquisition (qtd. In Lightbrown & Spada, 1999, p.38).On the contrary, in the second language acquisition, learning happens first and then acquisition which leads to fluency.
According to the paper, studies have shown that, in many cases, instruction in the mother tongue is beneficial to language competencies in the first language, achievement in other subject areas, and second language learning. The five subjects of the Basic Education Curriculum–English, Pilipino, Math, Science and Makabayan–and how they each may be taught is what ought to determine what language we use to teach them in, write textbooks for them, and conduct examinations and classroom work in them.

Let me tackle the possible advantages and disadvantages of using mother tongue. Mother tongue or the language used at home is the most effective medium of learning.
Educators say that when the use of mother tongue is discarded in favor of an unfamiliar language upon the children’s entry into grade school, the learners lose interest in their studies because there is a disconnect in the language used at home and in school.
On the other hand, sometimes the mother tongue may be an unwritten language; the appropriate terminology for education purposes may still have to be developed; there may be a shortage of educational materials in the language; there may be a lack of appropriately trained teachers and there may be resistance to schooling in the mother tongue by the students, parents and teachers.
To a lesser or higher degree, there are always advantages and disadvantages on the use of mother tongue. I can’t forget the analogy of my mother about the education before and the contemporary. Unlike before when they are taught in mother tongue for the first grade until fifth grade, the teaching and learning process is fruitful, dynamic and effective. Now, as her grandson is being taught in English as a medium of instruction the moment he entered school, she can see that this method of teaching is not yet effective unless implemented at the right time, place and pace of learning of the students. In this way, this is a call for all teachers to maintain mother tongue at the same time sustain the second language. Students should maintain the mother tongue for it is the heart of their language as well as culture and identity. While this maybe true, students should be fluent in English for it is the universal language and it is a tool to be globally competent. As I’ve learned in ESP, teaching a second language is crucial and tasking. I am encouraged that these methods or approaches can help teachers teach a second language.
With this, classes are taught in the students’ mother tongue, with little active use of the target language. Vocabulary is taught in the form of isolated word lists. Elaborate explanations of grammar are always provided. Grammar instruction provides the rules for putting words together; instruction often focuses on the form and inflection of words. Reading of difficult texts is begun early in the course of study.
To add, the classroom is devoted primarily to activities that foster acquisition of L2. Learning activities involving practice and drill are assigned as homework. The teacher should not correct speech errors directly. Students are allowed to respond in the target language, their native language, or a mixture of the two. The focus of all learning and speaking activities is on the interchange of a message that the acquirer understands and wishes to transmit, i.e. meaningful communication.
To conclude, what really matters is what really works for learners. Education was invented to set people straight on all these fine points. If we mean to put things right, we can’t wait much longer.

blog…. you want?


Computer advocates need to understand cultural change if their cause is to succeed. Teachers should be assured that computers cannot replace them but can empower them and their students. It should also be emphasized that computers can be used to increase, rather than decrease, human interaction in the classroom. Teaching and learning English is not easy. This study tried to explore the benefits of using technology especially computer assisted instruction in the classroom in teaching Communication Arts English or English as a second or foreign language.
Computers in schools are used in many ways. Computers are used in drills and practice lessons such as problem solving and word processing. It is also used for leisure, research works, visual aid, tutorials, grading system and college and board examinations. Through computers, students can travel around the world and see the great attractions of different countries and learn more about the people and their place.
According to the paper, the birth of Blogs opened a lot of opportunities for language learners to express and share their ideas with the boundless internet community. Blogs quietly entered the World Wide Web in the late 1990’s, but because of its rapid popularity among individual writers who wish to share their thoughts on line, web designers started to develop blogs sires that are easier to create and maintain. Armstrong and Retterer (2008) explains that Blogging software began to appear designed to enable individuals to published their own web blogs quickly and easily and without the previous HTML coding requirements. As Blood (2002) explained, with the advent of these applications, the web blog, unlike a webpage, required little technological sophistication and was therefore accessible to many different types of audiences.
Soven (1999) explains that “by the time most students enter high school they are beginning to dislike writing.” This may be attributed to the fact that learners begin to realize the demands of writing. As students work with their outputs, they start to notice that there are various factors such as Mechanics (spelling, capitalization and punctuation) and Grammar that should be carefully checked. Moreover, students begin to shift their attention to other tasks that are assigned to them, in language classes and in other subjects.
The search for the ‘holy grail’, so to speak, of teaching writing led to the development of various approaches to teaching writing. Related to this search is the growing demand to develop and improve the writing competencies of learners. Thus, it is imperative for language teachers to be equipped, not just with the knowledge regarding the different approaches that have been utilized by teachers, but also with the skills of implementing them, given the variety of learners that teachers may encounter at a given point of time. Thus, the process genre approach trains learners to become “analyzers” and “creators” of texts. They are taught to look into the different characteristics of texts written according to specific purposes and to process these characteristics they create their own text.
We, as teachers, should help, support, advocate and start our goal to achieve quality education through teaching our students the way they learn and by keeping breast with the latest trend that teenagers are interested with. With this, blogging maybe used as writing activity for them. And here are the advantages and disadvantages of writing online.

1. Blogging is the great way to communicate and experience the web.
2. It elevates students beyond the mundane of writing activity in classroom and encourages them to search for more adventures in life.
3. They escape the shadow of predictability which is monotonous and familiar. Once in a while, it’s good to have thrills and surprises to add pictures in their blog.
4. It gives vitality and sense of playfulness and makes them excited everyday to look for the comments they receive in their blog.
5. It serves as a powerful source of nourishment in their social life.
6. It challenges their creativity and creativity gives joy and joy puts challenge in their writing skill.
7. It drives and motivates them to achieve what they want in life.
8. It helps them grow because they improve their hidden talents and skills in manipulating computer and the internet.
9. It directs them to new perspective and angles of life and realities based on the new information they gain from internet.
10. It helps them to get in touch and get to know themselves more because writing is one best way to self-awareness.

1. Not all students can afford the cost of blogging for economic status tells the viability of web.
2. Not all students are computer proficient. It means, before a teacher decides to use blogging as writing class activity, he/she should know that students are quite adept in the use of software and hardware computer.
3. Freedom of speech is somehow abused because some derogatory words or offensive language maybe used when they write. It’s important to never post something that they might be afraid will come back to them.

Moreover, as English teacher, I should strive to achieve new ways of thinking, feeling, doing, becoming and being as my goal to contribute to quality education. With this visionary, engaging and transformative information on education, I may bring out the best in our students by adapting new teaching styles like writing online.

she’s the language…….


Being an English instructress at BSU, Alangilan Campus, I always include in my topic in English 100 class, the discriminatory language and inject to my students’ mind that language can be used to discriminate against individuals and groups on the basis of their sex. Using non-discriminatory language does not involve the conscious learning of a new language in order to communicate; this is due to the fact that people continually learn new words, expressions and constructions. Language is dynamic and reflects changes in society and contributes to such changes. Using non-discriminatory language is, of course, a part of this dynamic process.

Does it merely let us know that there is no such thing as a female writer? The use of he as a pronoun for nouns embracing both genders is simple and practical convection rooted in the beginnings of English language. He has lost all suggestion of maleness in these circumstances. The word was unquestionably biased to begin with (the dominant male), but after seemingly indispensable. It has no pejorative connotations; it is never incorrect.
A language critic elucidates, “Why should I worry about feminist ideology while I write? Why should I worry about anyone’s ideology? Writing is a tricky business that requires one’s whole concentration, as any professional will tell you; as no doubt you know anyway. We have accepted, implicitly, a hit-and-run vandalizing of English—the richest, most expensive language in the world. Languages such as French are shape and guided by official boards of big shots. But English used to be a language of the people, by the people, for the people.
Sexist language is language that favours one sex and treats the other sex in a discriminatory manner. In many cases, it favours men and goes against women. In language, men are considered the “rule” for the human species, that is to say, their characteristics, thoughts, beliefs and actions are seen as representing those of all humans, male and female. This practice can make women imperceptible in language or exclude them. The linguistic status of women often depends on the status of men. Being women in a dependent, subordinate position, sexist language prevents women and men from being shown as equal human beings.

Common forms of sexism in English include the use of “man” and “he / him / his” as generics—that is to say, nouns and pronouns referring to both men and women—the use of suffixes -man, -ette, -ess, -trix in occupational nouns and job titles, asymmetrical naming practices, and stereotyped images of women and men as well as descriptions of (mainly) women which denigrate them and their status. It is recommended that women should be more evident and visible in language by avoiding the use of “male-oriented” words in the generic sense.
Occupational nouns and job titles ending in -man reduce the presence of women in such professions and positions. There are various strategies for replacing -man compounds. For example, the use of an existing gender-neutral term (police officer instead of policeman), or of the -person alternative (layperson instead of layman) or the explicit naming of both sexes (sportsmen and women instead of sportsmen) are some of the possibilities. It is, of course, acceptable to use the -man compound to refer to a man occupying the position if a woman in such a position is referred to by a -woman compound (spokeswoman for a woman and spokesman for a man). However, the practice of referring to a man by means of the –man compound and to a woman by means of the -person compound is discriminatory. Examples are in this table.

man (generic sense) humans, human race,
human species, humanity, humankind or
women and men, person(s), man and
woman, individual(s), people(s), etc.
businessman business executive, business manager,
business owner, business person,
entrepreneur, financier, investor, proprietor
leader, moderator, person chairing a meeting,
person in the chair, president,
presiding officer
layman, laywoman
laymen laypeople, laypersons, lay community, laity
salesman sales agent, sales associate, sales attendant,
sales person, sales representative,
sales worker, shop assistant, shop attendant

These are the examples of my lessons on how to empower women in terms of the use of language. Discriminatory language ‘puts people down’ and its use should not be tolerated. This is because the use of discriminatory language contributes to the unequal social status of women. Women should be shown as participating equally with men. WHY”? BECAUSE WOMEN DO NOT DESERVE THAT BECAUSE:

• Women’s intonational contours and the use of gestures and tone of voice display more variety than men’s.
• Women use figurative language such as figures of speech, idioms, euphemisms and denotation and connotation more than men. This makes the form of expression artistic, not run-of-the-mill and lovely form of language.
Women’s four major skills such as (listening, speaking, reading and writing) are quite better than men because they intend to use correct and acceptable form of language.
• Women’s communicative style tends to be caring and polite that men’s.

These are the elements that I tremendously notice in the communication style of men and women. Yes, to a lesser or higher degree, the damage can be undone to our mother tongue. Apparently, mother means female identity. This simply means that women should be taken seriously as equally as men for both gender complement each other. Need I say more, people should not downgrade women for they are great too….

who wants money?



Effects of capitalism or materialism in the person’s moral, social and political perspectives.

Capitalism has positive and negative impact to humanity. In its positve side, capitalism allows people to own private property, have the right to gain wealth and compete in the market. This promotes a growing economy where competing industries produce higher-quality products. It also allows individuals to earn money based on the importance of their role in society.

However, capitalism has negative impact to society wherein it is like capitalism is slavery bringing the idea of work, buy, consume and die. It determines what we eat, what we watch, what we wear, where we work and what we do. We are inescapably surrounded by their culture and ideology.

People in consumerist societies live by the influence of advertisements, and often methodically buy things they do not need, and in most cases, cannot afford. This, in turn, leads to greater economic disparity, and despite having the most or latest products, consumerists have a feeling of dissatisfaction. In the name of creating new wealth, humanity is impoverishing itself that one feels empty without buying goods. Consumerism is ocncerned with the individual needs, choices and an increase economic disparity.




gems copy